First Attack Fire Fighting Training

The aim of First Attack Fire Fighting training is

  • Enable you to safely and effectively control small fires in the workplace or home at early stages
  • Know and understand your limitations
  • Know and understand your equipment limitations
  • What actions to be taken in the case of a fire

First Attack Fire Fighting

At the end of this Blog you should be able to:

  • Identify the hazards and precautions associated with fire
  • Identify different types of portable fire extinguishers
  • Suppress & control small fires

Firefighting Attitude

  • All fire fighting is about taking calculated risks. Always ask yourself:
  • Is what I’m about to do really worth the risk, considering what is at stake?
  • Because of the hazard involved in firefighting, a professional approach is essential for your safety!!

Structural Fires Hazards

  • Rapid spread of fire
  • Smoke logged areas (toxic fumes, restricted vision)
  • Backdraft
  • Victims
  • Dangerous contents (household chemicals, gas, electricity)
  • Building collapse
  • Flashover
  • Hazardous work environment (slips, trips, falls & booby traps.)
  • Other


What Is Fire?

A chemical reaction producing light and heat

What is Fire - Sydney Extinguishers

The Fire Triangle

The Fire Triangle Sydney Extinguishers

Methods Of Extinguishment

Below is the Fire tetrahedron of extinguishment

tetrahedron of extinguishment Sydney

Spread Of Fire

A structure fire, convected heat is trapped inside the structure

Spread of Fire - Sydney Extinguishers

Spread Of Fire

Spread of fire sydney extinguishers

Spreading of fire through a steel beam or pipe.

Conduction of heat

Conduction of heat - Sydney extinguishers

Spread of fire

Radiation & the spread of fire from building to building

Fire Spread Sydney Extinguishers

Radiant Heat

Rdiant Heat Sydney Extinguishers

Classes of Fire

CLASS A types of Fires – Ordinary combustibles

  • Wood
  • Paper
  • Upholstery
  • PlasticsOrdinary combustibles Sydney Extinguishers


CLASS B types of Fires – Flammable combustible Liquids

  • Petrol
  • Oil
  • Thinners
  • Paints

Class B types of Fire - Sydney Extinguishers


CLASS C types of Fires – Flammable gases

  • Natural gas
  • Lpg (propane)
  • Acetylene
  • Hydrogen

Class C type fires Sydney Extinguishers

CLASS D types of Fires – Combustible Metals

  • Magnesium
  • Sodium
  • Potassium

Class D type Fires Sydney Extinguishers


CLASS E types of Fires – E = Electricity

Can involve:

  • Wiring
  • Electric Motors
  • Switch Boxes
  • House Hold Appliances

Class E type Fires Sydney Extinguishers


CLASS F types of Fires – F = Fat Fires

Hot fat fires (deep fryers)

  • Commercial kitchens
  • Fast food outlets

Class F Fires Sydney Extinguishers



Firefighting Agents

  • Water
  • Class A Foam
  • Class B Foam
  • Extinguishing powders
  • Carbon Dioxide – CO2
  • Vaporising Liquids
  • Wet Chemicals
  • Fire Blankets


Suitability Of Firefighting AgentsSuitability Fire Sydney Extinguishers


Fire Extinguishers Identification

Sydney Fire Extinguishers Identification


How Do Stored Pressure Fire Extinguishers Work

Stored Pressure Extinguisher Sydney Extinguishers

Fire Extinguisher Operation

Fire Extinguisher Operation Sydney Extinguishers


Fire Extinguishers May Be used for;

  • First Attack Fire Fighting
  • Mopping up pockets of fire
  • Assisting other firefighting agents to work better
  • Extinguishing some special types of fires

Use fire extinguishers For Sydney Extinguishers



Is it safe and appropriate to use an extinguisher

First Attack Fire Fighting - Sydney Extinguishers